Document symbol: PK/G/2020
Practical Guidance for Mediators to Protect Children in Situations of Armed Conflict (2020)
Although it is widely acknowledged that the protection of children’s rights is essential to community stability and development, the consideration of child protection in peacemaking needs greater attention. Children’s rights, needs and concerns are hardly addressed in peace processes. The present guidance is aimed at addressing this gap in a non-prescriptive manner by providing mediators and other stakeholders supporting mediation efforts with specific measures for consideration in peace talks and peace agreements. By doing so, it seeks to assist them in the identification of entry points and possible confidence-building measures to engage parties on this issue. The guidance was drafted by the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict in collaboration with the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs, the Department of Peace Operations and UNICEF through four rounds of reviews, which took place in August, September, November and December 2019. It is built on evidence that the viability and sustainability of peace are enhanced by the protection of children and the fulfilment of their rights, and also by the prevention of grave violations against them.
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