Founding of the United Nations : an Interview with Joseph Johnson by William Powell
Joseph Johnson (United States of America, 1906 – 1990) was appointed Chief of the International Affairs Division of the United States State Department in 1943. While serving in this position, Mr. Johnson played a role in the creation of the United Nations, attending both the Dumbarton Oaks Conference in 1944 and the San Francisco Conference in 1945. In 1946, he served as an adviser to the United States Delegation at the first United Nations Assembly and assisted the United States representative to the Security Council. In 1950, Mr. Johnson was appointed President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He became President Emeritus in 1971. While working for the Carnegie Endowment, Mr. Johnson continued to use his expertise in international affairs, serving as alternate United States representative to the United Nations General Assembly.
In this interview, conducted on 10 June 1985, Mr. Johnson recalled his experience at the United Nations. He elaborated on his participation at the Dumbarton Oaks Conference, the San Francisco Conference and touched upon his role as a special envoy for the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine in 1961.
UN - Carnegie Foundation (Hague) - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (Washington, D.C.) - Preparatory Commission of the United Nations (1945-1946 : San Francisco and London) - UN. Security Council - UN. Atomic Energy Commission - UN Conciliation Commission for Palestine - UN. Secretary-General - UN. General Assembly (24th sess. : 1969) - UNRRA - UN. Secretary-General (1972-1981 : Waldheim) - Charter of the United Nations (1945) - International American Conference - Dumbarton Oaks Conference (1944 : Washington, D.C.) - UN Conference on International Organization (1945 : San Francisco, Calif.) - FOREIGN POLICY - INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS - DIPLOMACY - ORAL HISTORY - CONFERENCES - EAST-WEST RELATIONS - MIDDLE EAST SITUATION - Stettinius, Harold - Pasvolsky, Leo - Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick) - Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979 - Austin, Warren - Bunche, Ralph J. (Ralph Johnson), 1904-1971 - Connally, Tom - Dulles, John Foster - Evatt, Herbert Vere - Hull, Cordell - Jessup, Philip C. (Philip Caryl) - Molotov, Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich - Gromyko, Andrei Andreevich, 1909-1989 - Vyshinskii, Andrei Ianuarievich - Waldheim, Kurt - Thant, U, 1909-1974 - Hammarskjöld, Dag, 1905-1961
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