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Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 8, Other political and security questions
The United Nations continued in 2002 to consider political and security questions relating to the Organization's efforts to support democratization worldwide, the promotion of decolonization, public information activities and the peaceful uses of outer space. The General Assembly, in March, welcomed Mongolia's invitation to hold the Fifth International Conference of New or Restored Democracies in Ulaanbaatar in June 2003, and, in November, welcomed the July Declaration of the Presidents of South American States that their region was a zone of peace and cooperation. The Assembly requested the Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples to continue to seek suitable means for the immediate and full implementation of the 1960 Declaration and to carry out actions approved by the Assembly regarding the International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism (19902000) and the Second International Decade (2001-2010). In August, a United Nations mission visited Tokelau and Wellington, New Zealand. In May, East Timor (renamed Timor-Leste) attained its independence; it was admitted to United Nations membership in September. The Committee on Information discussed, as its main topic, the comprehensive review of management and operations of the Department of Public Information (DPI), which began in January and focused on areas of DPI's work that were in need of improvement. One recommendation, which was included in the Secretary-General's September report to the General Assembly on further strengthening the United Nations, was for the creation of regional hubs to rationalize the network of United Nations information centres, beginning with a Western European hub. In January, the Joint United Nations Information Committee was replaced by a new, informal and flexible mechanism called the United Nations Communications Group. With regard to the role of science and technology in the context of international security and disarmament, the Assembly, in November, encouraged UN bodies to contribute to promoting the application of science and technology for peaceful purposes. In another November resolution, on developments in information and telecommunications, the Assembly called on Member States to promote the consideration of threats in the field of information security. Action teams established in 2001 to implement the recommendations of the Third (1999) United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space reported on progress in their work. Due to a budget shortfall, the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation postponed its fifty-first (2002) session until January 2003. In December, the Assembly requested the United Nations Environment Programme to continue to provide support for effective conduct of the Committee's work and to review and strengthen the financing of the Committee.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. v. 56; Vol. 56
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