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Yearbook of the United Nations, 2007. Part 2, Human Rights. Chapter 3, Human rights country situations
In 2007, human rights situations of concern in Member States, particularly regarding alleged violations and how best to assist and guide Governments and national institutions in combating them, were addressed by the General Assembly and the Human Rights Council, and by special rapporteurs, the Secretary-General's special representatives and independent experts appointed to examine those situations. In March, a high-level team of experts assembled by the Human Rights Council to examine the human rights situation in the Darfur region of the Sudan, where internal conflict had resulted in egregious violations targeting civilians, reported on its mission and made recommendations on how to better protect human rights in that region. In June, a similar high-level fact-finding mission established by the Council in 2006 to assess the situation of the victims of Israeli military operations in Beit Hanoun in the Gaza Strip (Occupied Palestinian Territory) submitted its findings and recommended measures for improving efforts in promoting and protecting human rights in the area. In Myanmar, a violent Government repression of peaceful demonstrations resulted in a further deterioration of the human rights situation in the country and prompted a special session of the Human Rights Council in October, which urged the Government to exercise restraint, ensure full respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and bring to justice perpetrators of violations. Reinforcing the Council's action in that regard, the General Assembly in December adopted resolution 62/222, by which it expressed concern at the ongoing violations and called on the Government to take immediate measures to end them. The Assembly adopted similar resolutions to address the grim human rights situation in Belarus, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and Iran. Also during the year, the High Commissioner for Human Rights reported on the efforts of her Office to strengthen country engagements, especially through increased field presence as the primary means to promote the realization of human rights. Overall, the Human Rights Council, its special procedures and the Office of the High Commissioner stepped up efforts to strengthen advisory services, technical cooperation and monitoring activities for advancing international human rights principles and preventing violations in several countries, including Afghanistan, Belarus, Burundi, Cambodia, Colombia, Cuba, Cyprus, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala, Haiti, Iran, Lebanon, Liberia, Myanmar, Nepal, the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, the Sudan, Uganda and Uzbekistan.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2007. v. 61; Vol. 61
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