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Yearbook of the United Nations, 2001. Part 6, Intergovernmental organizations related to the United Nations. Chapter 5, World Health Organization (WHO)
In 2001 the World Health Organization (WHO) continued to implement its corporate strategy by addressing the burden of ill-health among poor populations; tracking and assessing risks to health and helping societies take action to reduce them; improving the performance of health systems and encouraging national policies that promoted health. The strategy also included WHO's core functions of eradicating epidemics and other diseases, research, the establishment of international conventions and regulations, partnership-building, innovation and the development and monitoring of norms and standards. The World Health Assembly,WHO's governing body, at its fifty-fourth session (Geneva, 14-22 May), adopted resolutions on, among other issues, the global response to HIV/AIDS, infant and young child nutrition, a WHO medicines strategy, and epidemic alert and response. The one hundred and seventh session of the WHO Executive Board (Geneva, 15-23 January) discussed infant and child feeding, assessment of health systems performance, new international health regulations, nursing and midwifery, and schistosomiasis. The Board adopted a resolution calling for protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices. The year 2001 marked the twentieth anniversary of the adoption of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes, and the Board called for the strengthening of national mechanisms to ensure global compliance with the Code. At the one hundred and eighth session (23-24 May), Board members discussed the need for transparency and participation in governing body meetings, in addition to other management matters. The World Health Report 2001—Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope focused on mental disorders, and was intended to help dismantle many of the barriers that prevented millions of people worldwide from receiving the necessary treatment. WHO also launched the mental health global action programme, a five-year initiative to close the gap between the resources needed to reduce the burden of mental disorders and those currently available. In 2001, WHO membership remained at 191, with two associate members and four observers.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2001. v. 55; Vol. 55
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